Kippur - The Day of
Kippur, from the Hebrew word "kapper"--which means "to
cover over"--falls on the tenth day of the Jewish month of Tishri,
and brings to an end the ten Days of Awe which begins with the
Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Ha-Shanah) on the first day of Tishri.
Depending on the Jewish calendar, Yom Kippur occurs annually either in mid
to late September or early October, and is the second of the three
festivals--Feast of Trumpets, Day of Atonement and Feast of Tabernacles,
which are observed within a twenty-one day period in the fall
of each year.
23:27-32 instructs, "The tenth day of the seventh month is the
Day of Atonement. Hold a sacred assembly and deny yourselves, and
present an offering made to the Lord by fire. Do no work on that
day, because it is the Day of Atonement, when atonement is made for you
before the Lord your God. Anyone who does not deny himself on that
day must be cut off from his people. I will destroy from among his people
anyone who does any work on that day. You shall do no work at all.
This shall be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever
you live. It is a Sabbath of rest for you, and you must deny
forbidden but once a year, on the Day of Atonement the High Priest would
cautiously part the holy curtain between the Holy Place and Most Holy
Place. There he would enter the Temple to see the Ark of the Covenant
where the Shekinah Glory of Almighty dwelt over the Ark between the
cherubim. He would take the blood of sacrifice and sprinkle it upon
the mercy seat of the Ark thereby covering the sins of the penitent that
had collected throughout the year. All those with unrepentant
attitudes would be cut off from among the people of Israel. In
reality, it symbolized the day when judgment (probation) would end--when
either be saved or lost.
wrote, "Behind the second curtain was a room called the Most Holy
Place, which had... the gold-covered Ark of the Covenant. This Ark
contained the... stone tablets [Ten Commandments] of the Covenant. Above
the Ark were the cherubim of the Glory, overshadowing the place of
atonement... when everything had been arranged like this, the priests
entered regularly into the outer room to carry on their ministry. But only
the High Priest entered the inner room, and that only once a year, and
never without blood, which he offered for himself and for the sins of the
people had committed in ignorance," Hebrews
9:3-7. The Day of Atonement ceremony portrayed Christ's entrance into the
Most Holy Place with His own blood "having obtain eternal
9:12, but it also foretells the end of the age fulfillment in
Messiah's salvation of the saints and His judgment and "cutting
off" of the rebellious nations.
Kippur is the holiest and most solemn day in the Jewish calendar. The day
is spent in prayer and fasting, and in seeking God's mercy.
Many follow restrictions of bathing, anointing the body with oil,
wearing leather shoes and sexual relations--all considered pleasurable.
Kippur is also understood to be a day of announcement. God's
special name was reserved for use only on the Day of Atonement.
On this day "Yahweh" was pronounced by the High Priest before
the assembled masses in the Temple courtyards.
is understood that on this most solemn day the whole world is suspended
in judgment--who shall live and who shall die. One scholarly Jew
writes, "the concluding service of Yom Kippur takes its name and
imagery from the symbol of the closing of the gates of Heaven.
Originally it may have referred to the closing of the Temple gates.
This imagery of time running out recurs throughout the service. For
example, the liturgy is changed from zakhreimu le-hayyim to hotmeinu
le-hayyim--from "remember us" to "seal us"--in the
Book of Life," The Jewish Holidays: A Guide and Commentary, p.
117, Michael Strassfeld. I
Kippur is the Day when the following words are declared by Messiah, just
before His return: "The
time is at hand. He
that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him
be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and
he that is holy, let him be holy still. And,
behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with Me, to give every man
according as his work shall be,"
See the The
Kingdom Calendar Pt. 18 for the Yom Kippur connection to the
More About Yom Kippur on Wikipedia.
Messianic Pastor Mark
Biltz teachs about Yom Kippur.