The Number Eight (8)

The Significance in the Scriptures From Outside Sources


In Mathematics & the Bible


64 (8X8)

Sixty-four (64) is the square of 8, the cube of 4, and the sixth power of 2. It is the smallest number with exactly seven divisors. It is the lowest positive power of two that is adjacent to neither a Mersenne prime nor a Fermat prime. 64 is the sum of Euler's totient function for the first fourteen integers. It is also a dodecagonal number[1] and a centered triangular number.[2] 64 is also the first whole number that is both a perfect square and a perfect cube.

Since it is possible to find sequences of 64 consecutive integers such that each inner member shares a factor with either the first or the last member, 64 is an ErdősWoods number.[3]

In base 10, no integer added up to its own digits yields 64, hence it is a self number.[4]

64 is a superperfect numbera number such that σ(σ(n)) = 2n.[5]

64 is the index of Graham's number in the rapidly growing sequence 3↑↑↑↑3, 3 ↑3↑↑↑↑3 3,

The number 8 is very significant such that it is used 73 times in the Bible. It is the symbol of Resurrection and Regeneration. In Bible numerology, 8 means new beginning; it denotes a new order or creation, and man's true 'born again' event when he is resurrected from the dead into eternal life.

The number 8 in the Bible represents a new beginning, meaning a new order or creation, and man's true 'born again' event when he is resurrected from the dead into eternal life.

Like the Old Testament Passover lamb, Jesus was selected as the Lamb to take away man's sins on the Hebrew day of Nisan 10 (April 1, 30 A.D. - John 12: 28 - 29). He was crucified on Nisan 14 (Wednesday, April 5 in 30 A.D.). His resurrection occurred, exactly as he stated, three days and three nights after he was buried, which was at the end of the weekly Sabbath day that fell on Nisan 17 (seventeen symbolizes victory).

Nisan 17 was also the eighth day, counting inclusively, from the time Christ was selected as man's sacrificial Lamb. All this bears record of Jesus' perfect sacrifice and His complete victory over death.

Boys were to be circumcised on the 8th day. The number 8 symbolizes circumcision of the heart through Christ and the receiving of the Holy Spirit (Romans 2:28 - 29, Colossians 2:11 - 13). Those in Christ are becoming a new creation, with godly character being created by the power of God's Spirit (2Corinthians 5:17, Ephesians 2:10; 4:23 - 24).

After the 7 weeks of the spring harvest, the next day, the 50th day, is Pentecost. This day is also the eighth day of the seventh week. This 8th and 50th day combination pictures the first resurrection when the saints will be raised from the dead and made immortal (1Corinthians 15:20 - 23, John 3:3 - 12, Revelation 20:4 - 6). After the 7 days of the Feast of Tabernacles there is an 8th day, called the Last Great Day; also known as Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah in the diaspora.

Forty different people wrote the Scriptures. Forty is a number composed of five (symbolizing grace) times 8 (symbolizing a new beginning). It is therefore only by God's grace and love that man will someday be given a chance for a new beginning, as promised in the Word of God.

Appearances of the Number Eight (8)

The New Testament was penned by only eight men (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, James, Peter, Jude, Paul).

Abdon (in the East) was a Judge of Israel who served 8 years (Judges 12:13 - 14).

The most joyous Feast period of the year is the eight day period of the Fall Feast of Tabernacles followed immediately afterward by the Last Great Day; also known as Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah in the diaspora.

Abraham, the father of the faithful, had 8 sons total. They were Ishmael, Isaac, Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak and Shuah.  

David was the eighth (and youngest) son of Jesse, from the tribe of Judah. Like King Saul and King Solomon, David reigned for 40 years in one of the highest and most prosperous periods in Israel's history - called by many, The Golden Age of Israel.

Timekeeping Eights (8)

One method of timekeeping used in Israel was called a 'watch.' Watches were time periods in which guards were placed on duty. Although days were initially divided into 6 equal watch periods (Judges 7:19), by the time of the New Testament days were divided into 8 equal parts (Matthew 14:25, Mark 6:48).

Night Watches: First watch - Sunset to 9 p.m. Second watch - 9 p.m. to Midnight Third watch - Midnight to 3 a.m. Fourth watch - 3 a.m. to Sunrise

Day Watches: First watch - Sunrise to 9 a.m. Second watch - 9 a.m. to Noon Third watch - Noon to 3 p.m. Fourth watch - 3 p.m. to Sunset

How is the Number Eight (8) Related to Jesus' Resurrection?

Jesus showed himself alive eight times after his resurrection from the dead. His first appearance alive was to Mary Magdalene (Mark 16:9 - 11). He then showed himself to two disciples traveling to Emmaus (Luke 24). Next, he appeared to all the disciples except Thomas (John 20:19 - 24) then a week later to all them when Thomas was present (John 20:26 - 29).

According to the apostle Paul, Christ also was seen by 500 believers at one time (1Corinthians 15:4 - 7). Jesus also met his disciples at the appointed place in Galilee (Matthew 28:16 - 17) and on Galilee's shores (John 21:1 - 24). His final meeting was on the Mount of Olives, where he gave his followers instructions before ascending to heaven (Acts 1).

Additional Info on Biblical Meaning of Eight (8)

God saved eight people on the ark in order to have a new beginning for mankind after the flood. Since the meaning of four is derived from God's creation of everything, 8 (4 + 4) pictures the new creation after the flood.

Eight is the number of Jesus, whose name in the Greek adds up to 888.

The number eight in the Bible signifies Resurrection and Regeneration. It is the number of a new beginning. Eight is 7 plus 1 and since it comes just after seven, which itself signifies an end to something, so eight is also associated with the beginning of a new era or that of a new order. In the bible one can find many examples which bring forth and which associate the number eight with a new beginning.

One such example is of Noah. When the whole earth was covered in floods, it was Noah the eighth person who stepped out and took the responsibility of starting a new era of life, to commence new order of things. The resurrection of Christ is also one fine example of this. The resurrection of Jesus is the ultimate new beginning. It is said in The Bible that Jesus rose on the first day of the next week from the day he was crucified. Thus. again it was Eighth day which was chosen by God. The eighth day marked the beginning of new life form. Thus, we can see that the number eight in the Bible signifies resurrection and new beginning. Not only this, there have been eight different resurrections in the Bible. Out of which three can be seen in the Old Testament, three can be seen in the Gospels and the remaining two can be read in the Acts 9 and 40. There were eight miracles of Elijah as told in the Bible. And God made eight covenants with Abraham.

According to the Bible, Eight has a special meaning for God, as He chose the eighth day to mark the beginning of the new week. Everything that has a new beginning in the Bible has the number eight associated with it. Eight is the personal number of Jesus. When we add together the letter values of the name Jesus in the Greek we get 888. Jesus was called The Christ, the numeric value of this title is 1480 (185 x 8). He was Savour which has the value 1408 (2 x 8 x 88). Jesus is also Lord which again, is a multiple of eight being 800 (100 x 8). Messiah has the numeric value 656 (82 x8). Jesus also called himself the Son of man. The term occurs 88 times and is valued at 2960 (370 x 8). Jesus said "I am the truth": the numeric value of "the truth" is 64 (8 x 8). The last book in the Bible is the Revelation of Jesus Christ which has exactly 888 Greek words. All the Dominical names of Jesus Christ are marked by eight as a multiple if the laws of Gematria are applied to them. It can be seen as follows: Christ, 1480 (8x185), LORD, 800 (8x100), Our LORD, 1768 (8x221), Savour, 1408 (82x 32), Emmanuel, 25600, (83x50), Messiah, 656 (8x82), Son, 880 (8x110).

The number 8 has been traditionally been associated with the entrance into the Covenant of God by the historic Christian Church, which has followed the Bible blindly. This kind of understanding can come from God Himself who had commanded Circumcision - the Sign of the Covenant - to be performed on the Eighth Day. Thus once again, the number eight has exemplified the beginning of a new era in the Bible. Following are the LORDs covenants with Abraham: (were eight in number; seven before Isaac was offered up, and the eighth when he had been received "in a figure" from the dead).

Gen 12:1-3, sovereignty.

Gen 12:7, the seed.

Gen 13:14-17, Divine assurance, rising and walking on resurrection ground.

Gen 15:13-21, the limits of the land; the 400 years; the 4th generation.

Gen 17:1-22, invincible grace.

Gen 18:9-15, human failure and imperfection.

Gen 21:12, Spiritual blessing headed up in the seed.

Gen 22:15-18, resurrection blessing.

In the Bible there is a mention of a feast. The Feast of Tabernacles. This feast is to last for seven days, followed by the eighth day. The number eight associated with this feast can show us that this feast was to celebrate a new beginning. The number 888 is the ultimate symbol of the lord himself as mentioned in the Bible. The resurrection of Jesus Christ on the eighth day along with the mention of eight people who were saved in the Noahs Ark are a sign of the concept of revivification, restoration and a revival of a new era and order that is associated with the number eight. Apart from this, eight is used in the bible in other places also which dont really have a link with a new beginning like the eight songs in the Old Testament, the Eight Miracles Of Elisha and the Seth lines of names, the sum of which is 3168, which again is a multiple of eight.


The Significance of The Number Eight (8)

By Rabbi Dr. Hillel ben David (Greg Killian)


I.  Introduction

In this study I would like to examine the meaning and significance of the number eight. The number eight always alludes to a departure from the natural world, and entry into the supernatural world.

There are exactly sixty-four days between Purim and Lag BOmer. Sixty-four days is equivalent to eight multiplied by eight. The number eight represents the spiritual world. The multiplication of eight by eight represents the totality of the spiritual world. Purim and Lag BOmer are one holiday that is broken up into two parts. The holiness of this single holiday begins on Purim. On this day HaShem reveals his hidden guidance of this world. We then spiritually refine ourselves in sequences of eight until we reach the eighth of the eighth, which is Lag BOmer. We then merit to discover the secrets of Torah. The period between Purim and Lag BOmer is the time we master our spiritual understanding of HaShem and his Torah.

This uniquely Jewish concept of man having the ability to transcend his nature is represented by the number eight.

The value of the Hebrew letter ח, chet, is eight. חית, Chet is also the Hebrew word for fence. To understand the number eight, we need to examine the letter ח, chet. Rabbi Michael L. Munk in, The Wisdom in the Hebrew Alphabet, tells us the following:

The number seven symbolizes the complete purpose of human existence, combining the spiritual level of the Sabbath with the physical effort of the week. Going beyond seven, the number eight symbolizes mans ability to transcend the limitations of physical existence. Thus, with a gematria of eight, ח  stands for that which is on a plane above nature, i.e., the metaphysical Divine. The study of the Torah and the practice of its commandments are the ways by which Israel can strive to exalt human spirituality towards the realm above the natural (Maharalz).

The first use of the number eight is in Bereshit 17:12.

Bereshit (Genesis) 17:12  And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which [is] not of thy seed.

Strongs defines eight or eighth  as:


8083 shemoneh, shem-o-neh; or  shemowneh, shem-o-neh; fem. shemonah, shem-o-naw; or shemownah, shem-o-naw; appar. from 8082 through the idea of plumpness; a cardinal number, eight (as if a surplus above the perfect seven); also (as ordinal) eighth:-eight ([-een, -eenth]), eighth.

This first use of the number eight reveals that the number is intimately connected with circumcision.

The value of the Hebrew letter פ, pey, is 80, which is 8 x 10. פ also contains the meaning of eight.

II.  The Temple Service

The number eight is involved in various aspects of the Temple service, as noted by R Bachya:

1.    The eight holy vestments of the High Priest.      Shemot (Exodus) 28

The Midrash highlights this:


Midrash Rabbah - Vayikra (Leviticus) X:6  AND THE GARMENTS (VIII, 2). R. Simon said: Even as the sacrifices have an atoning power, so too have the [priestly] garments atoning power, as we have learnt in the Mishnah[1]: The High Priest officiated in eight garments, and an ordinary priest in four, namely in a tunic, breeches, a mitre, and a girdle. The High Priest wore, in addition, a breastplate, an ephod, a robe, and a head-plate; the tunic to atone for those who wear a mixture of wool and linen,[2] as it is said, And he made him a coat [tunic] of many colours (Gen. XXXVII, 3)[3]; the breeches atoned for unchastity [lit. the uncovering of nakedness], since it is said, And thou shalt make them linen breeches to cover the flesh of nakedness (Ex. XXVIII, 42); the mitre atoned for arrogance, since it is said, And thou shalt set the mitre on his head (ib. XXIX, 6); the girdle was to atone, some say, for the crooked in heart, and others say for thieves. R. Levi said the girdle was thirty-two cubits, and he [the priest] wound it towards the front and towards the back[4]; this is the ground for stating that it was to atone for the crooked in heart.[5] The one who said [the girdle was to atone] for thieves [thought that] inasmuch as the girdle was hollow it bore resemblance to thieves, who do their work in secret;[6] the breastplate atoned for those who pervert justice, as it is said, And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment (ib. XXVIII, 30); the ephod was to atone for idol-worshippers, since it is said, And without Ephod or teraphim (Hoshea (Hosea) III, 4).[7] As for the robe, R. Simon, in the name of R. Nathan, said: For two things [i.e. sins] there is no atonement,[8] yet did the Torah provide atonement for them, namely, unintentional manslaying,[9] and evil speech,[10] and the Torah provided means of atonement. How is it atoned for?-By the bells of the robe, since it is written, A golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, upon the skirts of the robe round about. And it shall be upon Aaron to minister, and the sound thereof shall be heard (Ex. XXVIII, 34 f.): the implication is, let this sound come and make atonement for the other sound.[11] There is no atonement for one who unintentionally slays a human being, but the Torah provides a means of atonement. How does he obtain atonement?--By the death of the High Priest, as it is said, But after the death of the High Priest the manslayer may return unto the land of his possession (Num. XXXV, 28). The forehead-plate was to atone, some say, for the shameless,[12] others say for blasphemers. He who said for the shameless deduced it from the daughters of Zion: it is written here [of the forehead-plate], And it shall be upon Aarons forehead (Ex. XXVIII, 38), while there it is written, Thou hadst a harlots forehead, thou refusedst to be ashamed (Jer. III, 3).[13] He who said [the forehead-plate was to atone] for blasphemers [derived it] from [the case of] Goliath.[14] Here it is written, And it shall be always upon his forehead (Ex. XXXVIII, 38), there [in the case of Goliath] it is written, And the stone sank into his forehead (I Sam. XVII, 48).

The Kohen Gadol, or High Priest, had eight vestments made especially for him. These included a pair of linen pants, linen, checkered tunic, a linen turban, and an embroidered sash. Over the tunic, he wore a blue, woolen, sleeveless robe called a Meil. The bottom of the Meil had a design of blue woolen pomegranates and golden bells which would tinkle as he walked. Over the Meil he wore an Ephod, an apron-type of garment with shoulder straps. It was woven from five different types of threads. A golden breastplate called the Choshen, was connected to the Ephod. Twelve different jewels corresponding to the twelve tribes, were embedded in the Choshen. Each of the stones had a different tribes name engraved on it. The eighth vestment was a golden head plate called a Tzitz. It was worn on the High Priests forehead. The regular Kohen only wore the first four vestments when he did the service in the Mishkan, the shirt, pants, sash and a hat. Because the Kohanim could not even wear shoes, there was a special chamber called the Beit HaMokad, where the Kohen could warm his feet before doing the service on the cold floor. One of the reasons for the great amount of attention and detail paid to the clothing was to impact upon the Kohens appreciation of his responsibilities. The unique uniform that had to be worn would impress upon the Kohen the uniqueness of his mission as representative of the nation. The garments also served as atonement for specific sins that the nation had transgressed collectively as a group. For example, the Meil atoned for the sin of Lashon HaRa, evil slander. The Choshen atoned for improper judgment, the pants for immorality, the hat for arrogance, the belt for jealousy, the Ephod for idolatry, and the Tzitz for chutzpah.

The High Priest changes garments eight times on Yom Kippur in his attempt to transcend the physical.

2.  Eight varieties of spices, four for the oil of ointment, and four for the incense.


Shemot (Exodus) 30:23-24 Take the following fine spices: 500 shekels of liquid myrrh, half as much (that is, 250 shekels) of fragrant cinnamon, 250 shekels of fragrant cane 800 shekels of cassia--all according to the sanctuary shekel--and a hin of olive oil.

Shemot (Exodus) 30:34-37  Then HaShem said to Moses, Take fragrant spices--gum resin, onycha and galbanum--and pure frankincense, all in equal amounts, And make a fragrant blend of incense, the work of a perfumer. It is to be salted and pure and sacred. Grind some of it to powder and place it in front of the Testimony in the Tent of Meeting, where I will meet with you. It shall be most holy to you. Do not make any incense with this formula for yourselves; consider it holy to HaShem.

3. Eight poles for carrying the vessel in the Sanctuary:

Two for the Ark,

Two for the Table,

Two for the Golden Altar, and

Two for the Copper Altar.

            Shemot (Exodus) 25

4. Eight musical instruments, accompanying the psalms of the Levites during the service, i.e., seven instruments and the choir itself, for a total of eight.


Stringed instruments - Psalm 4:1

Flutes - Psalm 5:1

Gitis - Psalm 8:1

Machalas Leannos - Psalm 88:1

Yedusun - Psalm 39:1

Harp - Psalm 33:2

Lyre - Psalm 33:2


5.  From the eighth day, after their birth, onwards, animals could be offered as sacrifices in the Temple.

            Vayikra (Leviticus) 22:27

6.  The harp of Messianic days has eight strings, while the harp of the world to come has ten strings.


Midrash Rabbah - Bamidbar (Numbers) XV:11 TAKE THE LEVITES (VIII, 6). Halachah: How many cords should there have been in the harp upon which the Levites played? R. Judah said: There were seven cords in the harp, as may be inferred from the text, Fulness of (soba) joy in Thy presence, sweet melodies in Thy right hand (Ps. XVI, 11)[15]: do not read soba (fullness of) but sheba (seven joys).[16] Similarly, David says, Seven in the day[17] do I praise Thee, because of Thy righteous ordinances (ib. CXIX, 164). In the days of the Messiah it will be made of eight cords; for so in fact says David in the melody, For the Leader; with string-music; on the Sheminith--eight- stringed  (ib. VI, 1). In the time to come it will be made of ten; for it says, O God, I will sing a new song unto Thee, upon a psaltery of ten strings (ib. CXLIV, 9). Who ordained the instruments for them? Shmuel (Samuel) and David; as it says, Whom David and Shmuel (Samuel) the seer did ordain in their set office (I Chron. IX, 22).[18] It was they who established the divisions for the singing.


* * *


Bereshit (Genesis) 24:67

Source:   Baal HaTurim

When Yitzchak took Rivka as a wife, the Torah writes that he took her, into the tent. This word (haohelah) is written eight times in the Torah.


The eight times it is mentioned allude to the eight places where the Divine Presence was destined to rest among the Jewish people.


The seven places where the Divine Presence already rested were:

1) The Mishkan (the sanctuary) in the desert,

2) Gilgal,

3) Shiloh,

4) Nov,

5) Givon,

6) the first Beit HaMikdash, and

7) the second Beit HaMikdash.

The eighth place will be the third Beit HaMikdash which will be built in the Days of Mashiach.


III.  Torah Commandments

Several of the Torahs commandments involve the number eight. 

1.  There are eight threads, made up of two groups of four that make up the tzitzith.

            Bamidbar (Numbers) 15:37-40

2.  Circumcision (Brit milah) is to take place on the eighth day.

            Bereshit (Genesis) 17:12


Brit milah acts as a threshold of sorts for the new baby, over which he crosses to enter into the world ABOVE mazel. Accordingly, the brit milah, whose significance is the metaphysical modification of our physical nature, occurs on the eighth day.


The eighth day - the day of circumcision.


The eight days of Chanukah - The candle of HaShem is the soul of man.[19]


The circumcision of the foreskin of the lips on Chanukah.


The circumcision of the foreskin of the ears on the eighth day of Succoth.


The circumcision of the foreskin of the heart on Yom Kippur, the eighth day of the High Priests separation.  

3.  The Torah is given after completion of seven weeks following the exodus from Egypt.  

The Torah represents the metaphysical covenant with Israel.

4.  We celebrate the eighth day of Succoth as a Sabbath called Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah in the Diaspora.

            Vayikra (Leviticus) 23:36

5.  Chanukah is eight days long.

The oil, which should have lasted one day in the Chanukah miracle, lasted for eight. HaShems message was that the military victory should not be explained in material, political or in other physical terms. The number eight points to the intervention of the supernatural. It reminds us that the invisible hand of HaShem is at work in all human enterprises, no matter how mundane.

Our Sages explain that there is particular significance in the fact that the Chanukah menorah has eight lamps, and that we celebrate the festival for eight days. In the Holy Temple, the golden Menorah kindled each day in the Sanctuary had only seven lamps. The number seven represents the natural cycle of time: the seven days of the week, corresponding to the six days of Creation and the seventh, the Sabbath Day. Throughout history, since HaShem created the world, time has been measured according to this seven-day cycle. The number eight, however, represents a level that is higher than nature, and above time. This is the level of the miraculous, which is not bound by the laws of nature. It is especially fitting that we celebrate the miracle of Chanukah with eight lamps, culminating on the eighth day... for the number eight is also associated with the revelation of Mashiach, may he come speedily, in our days!

In order to appreciate the nature of the Chanukah miracle, we should examine other, similar miracles. Let us begin with the first Temple, the Mishkan.

The parasha of the Mishkan does not conclude with the finishing touches to the construction of the edifice and its vessels, nor even with the commencement of the sacrifices during the seven days of dedication. The whole enterprise peaks on the eighth day,


Vayikra (Leviticus) 9:4 for today God is revealed to you.

Without this eighth day, the entire construction of the Mishkan is meaningless:


For all seven days of dedication ... the Shechinah did not rest there, and Bnei Israel were saddened and said to Moshe, Moshe Rabeinu, all the labor that we performed [was] in order that the Shechinah should dwell amongst us....[20]

Even after Bnei Israel had completed all the preparations as commanded, the Mishkan remained an empty shell until the moment of revelation:


Vayikra (Leviticus) 9:22  And a fire came out from before God and consumed the burnt offering and the fats, and the entire nation saw and they rejoiced, and they fell upon their faces.

Correspondingly, we find in the case of the first Temple:

II Divrei HaYamim (Chronicles) 7:1-3 And when Shlomo had finished his prayer, the fire descended from heaven and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices, and the glory of God filled the House ... and all of Bnei Israel saw the descent of the fire and the glory of God upon the House, and they prostrated themselves upon the floor, and bowed and thanked God for He is good, for His mercy is forever.

So long as HaShems glory is revealed in the Temple, it is not permissible to enter the Holy of Holies at will. It is instructive that immediately following the divine revelation in the Mishkan, at the moment Nadav and Abihu sacrificed their strange fire, a fire came out from before HaShem and consumed them.[21] However, after the destruction of the first Temple, when HaShems glory is no longer apparent:


Eicha (Lamentations) 5:18 for Mount Zion which is desolate; foxes walk there

Strangers enter the Temple without suffering any harm:


Eicha (Lamentations) 1:10  For she has seen Gentiles coming into the Temple - those concerning whom You commanded They shall not come into your congregation.

How remote is the era of the destruction from that eighth day when Aarons sons were punished! HaShems glory, which was once manifest so clearly, is perceptible no longer. For this reason, when the nation returned from Babylon to build the second Temple, once again some sign was required to indicate that the Shechinah, as it were, had returned.

In the book of Maccabees we read as follows:


II Maccabees 2:1 And now that our hearts desire to celebrate the day of the rededication of the altar ... you shall celebrate it, like the day upon which Nehemiah found the holy fire when he returned to build the Temple ... For when our fathers were exiled, the holy Kohanim secretly took the fire and hid it ... and it came to pass after many days that the king sent Nehemiah to Jerusalem ... they could not find the fire, and found only freezing water instead ... and it happened that when they offered Gods sacrifice, he commanded them to sprinkle some of the water on the wood and on the sacrifice which was upon the altar, and they did so. When they had finished, and the sun shone upon the earth and the clouds were scattered, behold a heavenly fire ignited the sacrifice, and the entire nation surrounding it was astonished, and the Kohanim and all the nation fell upon their faces ... and the Kohanim sang praise and thanks to God. 

Aside from this miracle which took place at the time of the rededication of the Temple, the Gemara describes another miracle which occurred daily in the Temple and which was similar to the miracle of the cruse of oil both in terms of form as well as character:


Shabbat 22b It was testimony to the entire world that the Shechinah rested with Israel. What was this testimony? Rav said: This refers to the western lamp (the western-most light of the menorah in the Temple), which received the same amount of oil as all the other lamps, and from which the Kohen would light the others, and it lasted the longest.

According to the Gemara, in Yoma 39a, this miracle occurred even during the period of the Second Temple, up until the death of Shimon Ha-Tzadik (and of Yeshua HaMashiach). 

In all of the above cases, the significance of the miracle is that it bears testimony to the fact that the Shechinah dwells amongst Israel. The necessity of the sign comes about as a result of the nature of the Divine Presence in general. In order to clarify this issue, let us turn our attention to the sphere of prophecy.

Thus the miracle, which follows the construction of the Temple, expresses the same Divine will, which stands at the foundation of:

 and I shall dwell amongst them.[22]

It is only through this miracle which testifies that the Shechinah dwells amongst Israel that there is any significance to the command:

Let them make Me a Sanctuary.[23]

At the beginning of the period of the second Temple, the western light bore faithful testimony that the Shechinah dwelt amongst Israel. But once Yeshua, and Shimon Ha-Tzadik, died, the light no longer remained lit.

When HaShem took pity on His nation and the Chashmonaim prevailed, they purified the Temple and rededicated the altar. But where was the testimony? Where was the Shechinah? If there were no heavenly sign, what would all the efforts of the Maccabees be worth? In this context, the significance of the miracle of the cruse of oil becomes apparent. After the Temple had been defiled, this tiny cruse bore witness that the Shechinah dwelt amongst Israel.

In light of the above it becomes clear that although the actual event which was celebrated was the rededication of the altar, our Sages understood that the significance of this rededication rested on the miracle of the cruse of oil. This miracle returned the glory of the nation to its stature from the days of Shimon Ha-Tzadik. In the words of the Penei Yehoshua:


Shabbat 21bTherefore it would seem that the crux of the miracle was that it was performed only to show Gods love for them ... For this reason this miracle, too, was performed for them concerning the lights, which was testimony for Israel that the Shechinah dwelt amongst them, as we have explained with regard to the western light. But after the death of Shimon Ha-Tzadik, even the western light sometimes was extinguished. Therefore a miracle was performed regarding this exact matter, at that time which was a time of Divine favor, in order to show that they had returned to their original status of being beloved in Gods eyes. This appears to me the correct interpretation.

Hence, it is not surprising that the story of the miracle of the cruse of oil is absent from the books of the Maccabees. For it was not for this miracle that Chanukah was established, but rather for the rededication of the actual altar. But following the desecration of the Temple by the wicked Antiochus, the miracle of the oil represented the awaited signal from HaShem, which imbued the dedication of the altar with its significance. A close inspection of the books of the Maccabees reveals an emphasis of these motifs, the desecration of the Temple by the Hellenists and its purification by the Chashmonaim.

During the time of Antiochus, HaShems glory is absent from the Temple:


II Maccabees 5  And Antiochus destroyed all the holy vessels with a wicked hand ... and were it not for Gods anger against His nation because of their many sins, the hand of God would have struck him as it did Heliodoros when he went, by order of Silikus, to rob the treasury of the Temple. But because God did not choose His nation because of His city, but rather chose His city because of His nation, and because He watched over His nation, therefore He watched also over the Temple.

And with the victory of the Chashmonaim, they returned and purified the Temple and rededicated the altar, and for this reason Chanukah was established:

II Maccabees 10 From God this thing came about, to purify the Temple on the very day upon which the gentiles had defiled it, which was the twenty-fifth day of the month of Kislev. And they celebrated a festival of eight days to God ... and sang songs of praise and thanks to God Who gave them salvation, to purify His Temple. And a decree was sounded throughout the cities of Judea, to celebrate this festival each year.

Chanukah celebrates not merely the rededication of the altar, but also the glory of God, which once again became manifest in the Temple. This is why the book of Second Maccabees (ch. 1) compares it to the day of the dedication of the Temple in the time of Nehemiah, when the miracle of the hidden fire occurred. On Chanukah the Chashmonaim regained the same level of HaShems love as they had enjoyed at the beginning of the period of the second Temple.

The conclusion, which arises from the above discussion, is that there is no contradiction between the Book of Maccabees and the version recorded by the Sages.

The book of Maccabees makes reference to the historical event upon which Chanukah was established. From this perspective, Chanukah was indeed in honor of the rededication of the altar by the Chashmonaim, but our Sages perceived the profound significance of the moment. After the defilement of the Temple by Antiochus, this rededication would have been hollow without that essential heavenly signal, the miracle of the cruse of oil, which bore testimony to HaShems Presence amongst Israel.

In the Nazarean Codicil we have another association of the Shechinah with the eighth day:


Luqas (Luke) 9:27:36   I tell you the truth, some who are standing here will not taste death before they see the kingdom of God. About eight days after Yeshua said this, he took Peter, John, and James with him and went up onto a mountain to pray. As he was praying, the appearance of his face changed, and his clothes became as bright as a flash of lightning. Two men, Moses and Elijah, Appeared in glorious splendor, talking with Yeshua. They spoke about his departure, which he was about to bring to fulfillment at Jerusalem. Peter and his companions were very sleepy, but when they became fully awake, they saw his glory and the two men standing with him. As the men were leaving Yeshua, Peter said to him, Master, it is good for us to be here. Let us put up three shelters--one for you, one for Moses and one for Elijah. (He did not know what he was saying.)  While he was speaking, a cloud appeared and enveloped them, and they were afraid as they entered the cloud. A voice came from the cloud, saying, This is my Son, whom I have chosen; listen to him. When the voice had spoken, they found that Yeshua was alone. The disciples kept this to themselves, and told no one at that time what they had seen.

Notice again, that we have the Shechinah, the glory of HaShem, associated with the eighth day. From Peters desire to build three Succoth, tabernacles, we can surmise that this is the eighth day of Succoth which is called Shemini Atzeret.

Keep in mind that HaShem and Yeshua are to be in place of the Temple:


Revelation 21:22   I did not see a temple in the city, because the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.

So, this transfiguration could be seen as the Shechinah filling the Temple.


Bava Kama 60b May our eyes merit seeing the return of God to Zion with mercy, and the fulfillment of Gods promise: And I shall build it with fire, as it is written, And I shall be unto her (Jerusalem) a wall of fire round about, and My glory shall be within her.

So on the eighth day Of the Mishkans dedication, fire from HaShem appeared.

On the eighth day of the Temples dedication, fire from HaShem appeared.

The one day supply of oil in the Menorah lit by the Maccabees, burned for eight days.

Yeshua was circumcised on the eighth day, Shemini Atzeret. (See my study on the birth of Yeshua)


IV.  Mashiach and the Number Eight

The book of Ruth is surely the most poignant book of the Tanak. The Messianic allusions are numerous. Since this book concerns itself with the goel, the kinsman-redeemer, we would expect this book to have many allusions to the number eight.

The Yalkut Shimoni[24] points out that every verse in Ruth begins with a ו, vav, except for eight verses.  Rabbi Hiya expounds: this hints at Ruths deep attachment to the Covenant.  The digit eight (and its decimal multiples) do signify the Covenant.  It surely is noteworthy that the Megilla proper (excluding the five verse epilogue which is a genealogical addenda) is composed of exactly 80 verses.

The entire account of the first seven days of creation requires only eighty verses. In John chapter one, we see that The Word created everything during those seven days.

V.  Torah Portions

Several Torah portions are associated with the number eight (8):

1.  There is a Torah portion in the annual cycle, Vayikra (Leviticus) 91 - 11:47, which is named Shemini or eighth. The Haftorah for Shemini is II Shmuel (Samuel) 6:1 - 7:17.

The Torah portion of Shemini opens with a description of the eighth and final day of the consecration of the Sanctuary, the day when the Divine Presence first rested therein. The name of the portion, Shemini, means eighth and alludes to the special significance held by the number eight.

2.  The Torah portion for the eighth day of Passover, celebrated outside of Israel, is Devarim (Deuteronomy) 15:19 - 16:17 and Bamidbar (Numbers) 28:19-25. The haftorah is Yeshayah (Isaiah) 10:32 - 12:6

3.  The Torah portion for the eighth day of Succoth, known as Shemini Atzeret, is Devarim (Deuteronomy) 14:22 - 16:17 and Bamidbar (Numbers) 29:35 - 30:1. The haftorah for this portion is I Melakim (Kings) 8:54-66.


VI.  Events of the Eighth Day

The Mishkan, the Tabernacle in the wilderness, was inaugurated on the eighth day:


Vayikra (Leviticus) 8:33 - 9:24   Do not leave the entrance to the Tent of Meeting for seven days, until the days of your ordination are completed, for your ordination will last seven days. What has been done today was commanded by HaShem to make atonement for you. You must stay at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting day and night for seven days and do what HaShem requires, so you will not die; for that is what I have been commanded. So Aaron and his sons did everything HaShem commanded through Moses. On the eighth day Moses summoned Aaron and his sons and the elders of Israel. He said to Aaron, Take a bull calf for your sin offering and a ram for your burnt offering, both without defect, and present them before HaShem. Then say to the Israelites: Take a male goat for a sin offering, a calf and a lamb--both a year old and without defect--for a burnt offering, And an ox and a ram for a fellowship offering to sacrifice before HaShem, together with a grain offering mixed with oil. For today HaShem will appear to you. They took the things Moses commanded to the front of the Tent of Meeting, and the entire assembly came near and stood before HaShem. Then Moses said, This is what HaShem has commanded you to do, so that the glory of HaShem may appear to you. Moses said to Aaron, Come to the altar and sacrifice your sin offering and your burnt offering and make atonement for yourself and the people; sacrifice the offering that is for the people and make atonement for them, as HaShem has commanded. So Aaron came to the altar and slaughtered the calf as a sin offering for himself. His sons brought the blood to him, and he dipped his finger into the blood and put it on the horns of the altar; the rest of the blood he poured out at the base of the altar. On the altar he burned the fat, the kidneys and the covering of the liver from the sin offering, as HaShem commanded Moses; The flesh and the hide he burned up outside the camp. Then he slaughtered the burnt offering. His sons handed him the blood, and he sprinkled it against the altar on all sides. They handed him the burnt offering piece by piece, including the head, and he burned them on the altar. He washed the inner parts and the legs and burned them on top of the burnt offering on the altar. Aaron then brought the offering that was for the people. He took the goat for the peoples sin offering and slaughtered it and offered it for a sin offering as he did with the first one. He brought the burnt offering and offered it in the prescribed way. He also brought the grain offering, took a handful of it and burned it on the altar in addition to the mornings burnt offering. He slaughtered the ox and the ram as the fellowship offering for the people. His sons handed him the blood, and he sprinkled it against the altar on all sides. But the fat portions of the ox and the ram--the fat tail, the layer of fat, the kidneys and the covering of the liver-- These they laid on the breasts, and then Aaron burned the fat on the altar. Aaron waved the breasts and the right thigh before HaShem as a wave offering, as Moses commanded. Then Aaron lifted his hands toward the people and blessed them. And having sacrificed the sin offering, the burnt offering and the fellowship offering, he stepped down. Moses and Aaron then went into the Tent of Meeting. When they came out, they blessed the people; and the glory of HaShem appeared to all the people. Fire came out from the presence of HaShem and consumed the burnt offering and the fat portions on the altar. And when all the people saw it, they shouted for joy and fell facedown.

The eighth day began the inauguration of the Mishkan. It was on this day that the Divine Presence finally descended and inhabited the Mishkan. For, the number eight always alludes to a departure from the natural world, and entry into the supernatural world.

* * *

Bereshit (Genesis) 17:9-14  Then God said to Abraham, As for you, you must keep my covenant, you and your descendants after you for the generations to come. This is my covenant with you and your descendants after you, the covenant you are to keep: Every male among you shall be circumcised. You are to undergo circumcision, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and you. For the generations to come every male among you who is eight days old must be circumcised, including those born in your household or bought with money from a foreigner--those who are not your offspring. Whether born in your household or bought with your money, they must be circumcised. My covenant in your flesh is to be an everlasting covenant. Any uncircumcised male, who has not been circumcised in the flesh, will be cut off from his people; he has broken my covenant.

* * *

1 Shmuel (Samuel) 17:12  Now David was the son of an Ephrathite named Jesse, who was from Bethlehem in Judah. Jesse had eight sons, and in Sauls time he was old and well advanced in years.

* * *

II Divrei HaYamim (Chronicles) 29:15-17 When they had assembled their brothers and consecrated themselves, they went in to purify the temple of HaShem, as the king had ordered, following the word of HaShem. The priests went into the sanctuary of HaShem to purify it. They brought out to the courtyard of HaShems temple everything unclean that they found in the temple of HaShem. The Levites took it and carried it out to the Kidron Valley. They began the consecration on the first day of the first month, and by the eighth day of the month they reached the portico of HaShem. For eight more days they consecrated the temple of HaShem itself, finishing on the sixteenth day of the first month.

* * *

I Tzefet (Peter) 3:18-20  For Mashiach died for sins once for all, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God. He was put to death in the body but made alive by the Spirit, Through whom also he went and preached to the spirits in prison Who disobeyed long ago when God waited patiently in the days of Noah while the ark was being built. In it only a few people, eight in all, were saved through water,

Midrash Rabbah - Bereshit (Genesis) XLIX:13  AND HE SAID: OH, LET NOT THE HaShem BE ANGRY... PERA DVENTURE TEN SHALL BE FOUND THERE (XVIII, 32). And why ten? So that there might be sufficient for an assembly [of righteous men to pray] on behalf of all of them.[25] Another reason, why ten? Because at the generation of the Flood eight righteous people[26] yet remained, and the world was not given a respite for their sake. Another reason, why ten? Because he thought that there were ten there, viz. Lot, his wife, his four daughters and four sons-in-law.[27] R. Judah b. R. Simon and R. Hanin in R. Johanans name said: Here ten were required, while in Jerusalem even one would have sufficed,[28] as it is written, Run ye to and fro in the streets of Jerusalem... and seek... if ye can find a man, if there be any that doeth justly (Jer. V, 1); and thus it says too, Adding one thing to another, to find out the account (Eccl. VII, 27). R. Isaac said: How far can an account be extended [for one city]? As far as one man [29]

* * *

Yechezkel (Ezekiel) 40:28-31 Then he brought me into the inner court through the south gate, and he measured the south gate; it had the same measurements as the others. Its alcoves, its projecting walls and its portico had the same measurements as the others. The gateway and its portico had openings all around. It was fifty cubits long and twenty-five cubits wide. (The porticoes of the gateways around the inner court were twenty-five cubits wide and five cubits deep.) Its portico faced the outer court; palm trees decorated its jambs, and eight steps led up to it.

It is interesting to note that the following phrase is repeated three times in the book of Yechezkel; in Yechezkel (Ezekiel) 40:31, 40:34, and 40:37:

Its portico faced the outer court; palm trees decorated its jambs, and eight steps led up to it.

* * *

Revelation 17:7-11  Then the angel said to me: Why are you astonished? I will explain to you the mystery of the woman and of the beast she rides, which has the seven heads and ten horns. The beast, which you saw, once was, now is not, and will come up out of the Abyss and go to his destruction. The inhabitants of the earth whose names have not been written in the book of life from the creation of the world will be astonished when they see the beast, because he once was, now is not, and yet will come. This calls for a mind with wisdom. The seven heads are seven hills on which the woman sits. They are also seven kings. Five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come; but when he does come, he must remain for a little while. The beast who once was, and now is not, is an eighth king. He belongs to the seven and is going to his destruction.

* * *

The Arizal explains that numbers have their origins in the supernal spiritual worlds. Single digit numbers correspond to the physical realm Asiyah, the sefirat Malkhut. Tens correspond to the angelic realm Yetzirah, the sefirat Tiferet. Hundreds correspond to the Neshama realm Beriah, the sefirat Binah, Imma. Being that hundreds emanate from the realm of Imma, they are the source of blessing. Therefore, all offerings are the rectification of 100% of the produce offered.

* * *

  This study was written by

Rabbi Dr. Hillel ben David

(Greg Killian).

Comments may be submitted to:


Rabbi Dr. Greg Killian

6970 Axis St. SE

Lacey, WA 98513


Internet address:

Web page:

(360) 918-2905

[1] Yoma VII, 8

[2] Prohibited in Deut. XXII, 11.

[3] Y.T. explains that this coat was similar to one made of the forbidden mixture. The verse, however, seems out of place; perhaps one should emend as in J. Yoma VII, 5: the tunic... Linen, while some say, to atone for bloodshed. The present verse rightly follows since it was this coat which stirred up the hostility of Josephs brethren. The proof-text there. however, is: And they dipped the tunic in blood (v. 31).

[4] T.J. this way and that .

[5] Since the numerical value of לב (heart) is thirty-two.

[6] Hide the stolen goods in hollows and caves.

[7] Rabbenu Gershom (to Ar. 16a): In the absence of the Ephod something is lacking to expiate the sin of teraphim, i.e. idols. Cf. Ger;. XXXI, 19, 30.

[8] No atonement by means of sacrifice. Ar. 16a.

[9]  V. Num. XXXV, 9 ff.

[10]  Slander, calumny, back-biting.

[11] Sc. of evil speech.

[12]  Lit. bold-faced. v. Ab. v, 20 (Sonc. ed.), p. 73, n. 8.

[13] Addressed to Jerusalem, personified as a woman, i.e. the daughter of Zion.

[14] Who blasphemed, V. I Sam. XVII, 45.

[15] E.V. In Thy presence is fullness of joy, in Thy right hand bliss, etc.

[16] Each cord is a separate joy.

[17] I.e. on a seven-stringed harp. E.V. Seven times a day.

[18] This refers to the various of officials in the Sanctuary.

[19] Mishlei (Proverbs) 20:27

[20] Rashi

[21] Vayikra 10:2

[22] Shemot (Exodus) 25:8

[23] Ibid.

[24] Ruth 608

[25] Ten is a quorum for public prayer.

[26] Noah, his three sons, and their wives.

[27] But he was mistaken in thinking them righteous (M.K.).

[28] But not even one was to be found.

[29] Mah.: Translating, the righteousness of one man saving one town.




 More Facts About the Number Eight (8)

The Scriptures were composed by 40 different people. Number 40 is 5 times 8. In terms of Bible 5 is Gods grace and 8 has a meaning of new beginning, as a result, it is a Gods grace that gives a person a second chance for new and happy life and Scriptures are meant to help a person find a way to a new beginning.

Total number of days of Yom Tov in a year in Israel

Number of days of Chanukah

Number of days of Pesach (Diaspora) The transfiguration also took place on the eighth day (inclusive reckoning) after the first announcement of Christ's "sufferings," and it was the showing forth of the "glory" which should follow at His coming again.

Pesach (Passover) lasted eight days outside of Israel.

Eight is the first cubic number, the cube of two, 2 x 2 x 2. We have seen that three is the symbol of the first plane figure, and that four is the first square. So here, in the first cube, we see something of transcendent perfection indicated, something, the length and breadth and height of which are equal. This significance of the cube is seen in the fact that the "Holy of Holies," both in the Tabernacle and in the Temple, were cubes. In the Tabernacle it was a cube of 10 cubits. In the Temple it was a cube of 20 cubits. In Revelation 20 the New Jerusalem is to be a cube of 12,000 furlongs. Dr. Milo Mahan is inclined to believe that the Ark of Noah, too, had a kind of sacred Shechinah in "the window finished in a cubit above.

The miracles of Elijah were eight in number, marking the Divine character of his mission.

There were eight songs in the Old Testament outside the Psalms.

The miracles of Elisha were double in number, viz. Sixteen, for his request was, "Let a double portion of thy spirit be upon me" (2 Kings 2:9).

The use and significance of the number eight in Scripture is seen to recur in marvelous exactitude. It may indeed be said that Eight is the dominical number for everywhere it has to do with the LORD. It is the number of His name, IHSOUS.

In the book which relates to His great Apocalypse or Revelation, there are in the introduction which sets forth the glory of the Lord, to be revealed in the day of the Lord, eight references to the Old Testament on which the claims of His Lordship are based It will be noted, moreover, that these are not given at haphazard. Our attention is called to their importance by the order in which they are given. They are arranged in the form of an epanodos, the first being from the same book as the eighth, the second corresponding in the same way to the seventh, the third to the sixth, and the fourth to the fifth. Thus the Divine seal of superabundant perfection is there set on the Scriptures, which declare the Lordship of Jesus.

Shmoneh - The Number 8 in Hebrew

In written communications, letters and numbers serve to express the thoughts and ideas, wants and needs of people. In Hebrew and also Greek, the entire alphabet served as both letters and numbers. In Hebrew this is called Gematria or by its Greek name Isopsephia. Therefore, in the Hebrew language, every letter has a meaning; also, a numerical value. This has tremendous significance, in that numbers become very relevant.

Continuing with the importance of the number 8 in ancient Hebrew, the 8th letter in the Hebrew Alphabet is Chet.

This eighth letter, Chet, has an ordinal or positional Gematria and it's standard Gematria are the same (8). It is the number of new life/new beginning. Raised to its triplicate, 888 is the numerical name of Jesus in the Greek New Testament text. The literal meaning of this letter is a "fence," "hedge" or "chamber." The symbolic meaning is "to make private" or "to separate." In ancient Hebrew the 8th letter was drawn as a fence, and the word picture it gave was Brother [Gen 24.29] because the word brother is "a strong fence" (that protects). As an example, the following understanding of the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet brings us to understand the significance of the number 8, especially as it is incorporated into the 888 listed above. First letter of the Hebrew Alphabet, called in Hebrew, the Aleph-Bet, is the Aleph, drawn as shown here. The literal meaning of aleph is ox or bull. The symbolic meaning of this letter is: God, strength, strong leader. It shows God's mastery and oneness.

In the ancient Hebrew, it was drawn like the head of an ox which is part of the original meaning of the letter. The literal meaning is "strong leader, strength, master, 1 or 1000. This is the example of ancient wisdom in the scriptures that read: "Be not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness?" 2 Cor. 6:14.  A young, inexperienced oxen would be yoked with a full grown ox accustomed to ploughing, and the younger would learn from the older because of the latter's size and great strength, he would literally drag the young ox around in the proper direction as commanded by the ploughman.

The Gematria of the letter Aleph is 1 and always means God. Yeshua/Jesus said, "I and my Father are ONE" (John 10:30). In the full spelling it's Gematria is 111, which is the same Gematria as "The Lord My God" (Ps 38.15) and "Children of the Living God" (Hos 1:10).

This first letter of the Hebrew alphabet that stands for God, when written out is amazing and shows the deep complex and integrated design of the word of God that millennia later, would become flesh, alive and living in the person of Yeshua/Jesus Christ. Can we believe the accuracy of the "New Testament" Greek text? Can it be traced back to the ancient Hebrew teaching. Of course.

The aleph spelled full by its Gematria of 111 gives us a bed rock solid truth. When multiply the number 8, the number of new life, new beginnings by Aleph, the first letter, we arrive at the number 888 which is "Jesus" in the Greek text of the New Testament! This ties the person of Jesus directly back to the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet and God Himself! The first and "Greatest" commandment is that we love God with all our heart, mind and strength.


Why Are You Seeing Number Eight (8?

If you are wondering why you are seeing number 8 everywhere you go, then we have a couple of answers for you.

First of all you should know that you are blessed if you notice that number 8 is appearing with frequency in your life. Your guardian angels are using this number repeatedly because they are trying to catch your attention this way.

All you need to do if you notice number 8 that is appearing constantly in your life is to stop for a while and to think about its symbolism. Number 8 is the number that will bring abundance, joy and prosperity into your life.

However, you should keep in mind its biblical meaning as well.

We have told you that in the biblical sense number 8 means that you will start a new phase in your life. According to the Bible, number 8 is a symbol of new beginnings and very often this number was in a close connection with Jesus Christ. Thats why we can tell you that this number is a holy number that will change your life and make it much better.

If you are seeing number 8 very often, you will get energy and strength that will help you on your spiritual journey. Your angels will come to you because they want to give you encouragement and motivation to keep going forward in your life. They have seen your abilities and they are sure that you can make great success in your life.

We hope that you enjoyed reading this article about number 8 and we are sure that this number will change your life completely. If you are blessed, you will receive this number from the universe and you will get the chance to change your life.

If you take into account the biblical and the prophetic meaning of number 8, you will get to know that this number is a very important spiritual number and it will make your faith stronger than ever before.

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Symbolic Meaning of the Number Eight

Circumcision: The Sign of God's Covenant

This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised. And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you. And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed.

Genesis 17:10f


The historic Christian Church has traditionally associated the Number 8 with the entrance into the Covenant of God. This understanding comes from God Himself who commanded Circumcision - the Sign of the Covenant - to be performed on the Eighth Day. God used the same language - אות ברית (Ot B'rit, Sign of the Covenant) - when He gave the Rainbow (Genesis 9.13):


I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.

Genesis 17:10f


The word "rainbow" (קשת, qeshet) used in this verse sums to the Number 800 which also is the value of the Greek words "Lord" and "Faith." It also is the value of the final letter of the Greek alphabet, Omega (cf. Eight and the Resurrection below). This is the essence of Faith - trusting in the Lord who will see us through to the very end, signified by Omega. This lifts us above our present state to behold our Shepherd who is Lord above all.


Given the extreme significance of Circumcision as the Sign of the Covenant, it is no wonder that the Rabbi's have long expounded on the spiritual significance of the Number Eight and its relation to God's Covenant. For example, on page 134 of his book Alef-Beit, Rabbi Yitzchak declares:


The Torah prescribes that the circumcision of a male child take place on the eighth day from birth. These eight days always include at least one Shabbat, the seventh day, which corresponds to the experience of perfect harmony with nature. The eighth day of circumcision represents the power of the soul to contact that light which totally transcends nature. Through circumcision the Jew is given the power, throughout his life, to overcome all the obstacles nature may seem to place in the face of his service of G-d.


The transcendence associated with the Number Eight - recognized by both Jews and Christians - ultimately manifests in the everlasting New Beginning found in the Resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ.


The command to circumcise all male children was obeyed by Joseph and Mary after the Birth of Jesus:

And when eight days were accomplished for the circumcising of the child, his name was called JESUS, which was so named of the angel before he was conceived in the womb.

Luke 2:21


The contextual connection between the Number 8 and the Name of Jesus is amplified in this, one of the greatest alphanumeric identities linking the Greek and Hebrew languages to each other and the central doctrine of historic Christianity:





= 888 =

The Salvation of our God


Yeshoth Elohenu

The many numinous ramifications of this Number are discussed in the Gematria Reference under the Number 888.

God expanded upon the spiritual meaning of this "circumcision of the flesh" when He commanded us, saying "circumcise yourselves to the LORD, and take away the foreskins of your heart" (Jeremiah 4.4), and again in Romans 2:28

For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh: But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God. Romans 2:28


All three concepts of Circumcision, Baptism, and Resurrection come together in Colossians 2:11f

In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ: Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead. And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses; Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross;

Colossians 2:11f


Yet physical circumcision remains the characteristic sign of the First Covenant given in the Torah as the mark of the Jews. All these ideas cohere under the category defined by the quintessentially Jewish Number, the Number 613:

613 = The First Covenant = In the Torah = Circumcision


Circumcision on the Eighth Day is a supernatural typological prophecy of the renewal that comes through entrance into God's Covenant, which manifests as Baptism in the New Testament, and ultimately as a symbol of the everlasting life given though the resurrection of Christ.

Eight, Baptism, and the Ark

Baptism is the Sign of the Covenant in the New Covenant. Like Circumcision, it involves a "cutting off" of the flesh - only now it is a symbol of being crucified with Christ, "buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life" (Romans 6.4). God reveals the connection with the Number 8 in 1 Peter 3:18ff:

For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit: By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison; Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water. The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:

1 Peter 3:18ff

Octangular Baptismal Font in Pisa


There is a strong typological association between Noah's Flood which washed away the wicked people of the world and Baptism which is the symbol of the washing away of our wicked sins. The correlation is simply astounding - it is a typological prophecy that everyone can see fulfilled in Christian Baptism. Of particular beauty is the correlation with the Baptism of Christ when the Holy Spirit descended upon Christ in the form of the Dove - there very animal released by Noah from the Ark as the sign of the new beginning! We have multiple independent converging lines of association between Baptism, Salvation through the Flood, Resurrection, and the Number Eight that points clearly to the deliberate design and Teaching of God's Wisdom. It is for this reason that the Church has traditionally designed baptismal fonts as octagons.

Eight and the Resurrection

But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came. The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe. And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you. Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing. And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God. Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.

John 20:24

The Resurrection of Jesus Christ is the ultimate new beginning. In the perfect Wisdom of God, it occurred on Sunday, simultaneously the First Day and the Eighth Day of the Week. It is the temporal equivalent of the Octave, established from the foundation of the World to teach us forever the glory of the resurrected Lord of the Universe. This is reiterated yet again in Christ's appearance to Thomas on the Eighth Day after his resurrection. And what teaching did Christ give us? When I was an unbeliever, I thought that Christ was teaching blind faith when He said "blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed." How could this be anything but blind belief? The answer is as obvious as it profound. Faith is not blind - Faith is the fulfillment of Christ's promise that "blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God." In plain English, the reason people need proof is because they are blinded by their sins and lack of faith. They are so cut off from God and Truth that they can not receive the witness of the Holy Spirit! They fulfill the words of Christ from Matthew 12:39:

An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.


Matthew 12:39

Thomas was called Didymus which means twofold or twin (S# G1324). The natural reason for this was because it was the Greek translation of his Hebrew name pic(Tawom, Twin, S# H8380 - note the phonetic similarity to the English). The supernatural reason is because the fundamental characteristic of doubt is double-mindedness (see James 1:8), and this is what was enscripturated in the record of Doubting Thomas. Oh! The glory of God's Wisdom! Finally, two elements of this story link to the Number 800:

Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing. And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God. Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed

John 20:27

We have the pair of identities:




= 800 =





The Risen Lord is the object of our Faith. It is by joining ourselves utterly to the Lord through faith, even unto death - the Omega Point of our natural lives - as Ruth with Naomi, that we can focus the mind, heart, and hope on the ultimate outworking of God's Creation - again symbolized by Omega - so that we can walk through this world in perfect peace. This is the marriage of the Soul with God! Note that this links to the Rainbow = 800 given as God's original sign of the covenant and the last letter of the Greek language, Omega.


All these ideas are both recognized and expounded upon in the traditional Jewish understanding of the Letter Chet. For example, on page 136 in his book Alef-Beit, Rabbi Yitzchak Ginsburgh declares (emphasis mine):

At the level of Divinity, the number eight alludes to the absolute Infinity of G-d. ... Whereas at the level of Souls, circumcision gives one the power to overcome obstacles, at this level of awareness G-d's true Infinity links one, in covenant, to His very Essence.


When linked to Infinity, overcoming obstacles, even death, the secret of resurrection, becomes self-evident and "second nature." When absolutely connected to the Infinite One, there can in truth be no obstacle.


To really appreciate the significance of this quote, it must be remembered that it comes from a Jewish Rabbi who is not trying to support the text of the New Testament, wherein we find the extremely strong Christian witness to the relation between the Number 8 and Resurrection.


Eight, Octaves, and New Beginnings

It is of the LORD'S mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not. They are new every morning: great is thy faithfulness.

AV Lamentations 3:34-34

standing waveThe verses above are two of the Chet Alphabetic Verses from Lamentations (vss 23 . 24).


Of particular interest is the Chet KeyWord חדש (chadash, new, S# H2319) which relates to the fundamental symbolic meaning of the Number Eight in Scripture established by God in the Seven Days of Creation. The Eighth Day is the first day of the new week, precisely as the Octave is the Eighth Note that begins the musical cycle anew on a higher level. This meaning coheres with the shape of the Arabic Number 8 - the Figure Eight - which is an image of the physical shape of the standing wave of the Octave. All this naturally (and supernaturally!) integrates with the Resurrection of Jesus Christ.


Three numbers are closely associated in Scripture with the ideas of Marriage, Resurrection, New Beginnings. Each has the form of an Octave: N x 7 + 1. Specifically, the first, third, and seventh octaves, which are given by N = 1, 3, and 7:

First Octave: New Beginnings:

8 = 1 x 7 + 1

Third Octave: Number of Spokes:

22 = 3 x 7 + 1

Seventh Octave: Pentecost:

50 = 7 x 7 + 1

The idea of the octave is very enlightening here. Books 8 (Ruth) and 22 (Song of Solomon) are deeply integrated on the idea of Marriage, which is the ultimate biblical symbol of our entrance into God's Covenant and the ultimate outworking of His Covenant when Christ receives His Bride. The Number 22 - the Number of Spokes on the Wheel and letters in the Hebrew alphabet - is the third Octave. Pentecost, which represents the fullness of God's Time, sealed by His Spirit is the Seventh Octave, in perfect harmony with God's use of the Number Seven in Scripture. These identities are discussed more in the Spoke 8 Pentecost article. They point to the everlasting Wisdom of God descending from above. The Key is knowing Jesus (888) and the power of His Resurrection (8).










Many, if not most words for "eight" from Indo-European languages are very similar to the name of the eighth letter Chet, in the sense that it is composed of a guttural like "ch" followed by a dental like "t." The only significant variation noted in Klein's Etymological Dictionary of the English Language is the Old Slavic Osmi which - interestingly enough - is phonetically similar to the Hebrew name of the Number Eight, Shemunah (S# H8083). The value of this name integrates with the Aleph and Tav:




= 401 =

Aleph Tav




The Number 401 also coincides with the value of the name of Isaiah, the one book in the Bible that is an image of the Bible within the Bible, complete from Aleph to Tav (cf. Inner Wheel of Isaiah).


The idea of the Octave manifests in a slightly different way in the Greek Alphanumeric correlation, which begins with Alpha = 1 and ends with Omega = 800.


The Number 8 integrates with the Number 66 - the value of the Wheel (Galgal) - to yield the Key to the Bible, as revealed in Isaiah 22.22:


And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

Isaiah 22:22

We have the identity:




= 528 = 8 x 66


Of course, the name Isaiah is itself integrated with Eight and the Aleph Tav through the identity:




= 401 = Aleph + Tav = Eight


Note also that the ordinal position of Isaiah in the Canon is as Book 23, which integrates with the sum of the ordinal values of Aleph (1) and Tav (22).


The Eight Laws of Charity The Tzedakah

In Judaism, Tzedakah is the religious requirement of charity regardless of a persons financial status.

Maimonides has Eight Laws of Giving.

These are listed in the Mishneh Torah.

Moses Maimonides (1138 1204) was a major Jewish rabbi, philosopher, doctor, mathematician and astronomer.


Giving an interest-free loan to a person in need; giving a grant to a person in need.      


Giving tzedakah anonymously to an unknown beneficiary via a person (or public fund) who/which can be trusted.


Giving tzedakah anonymously to a known receiver.


Giving tzedakah publicly to an unknown receiver.


Giving tzedakah prior to being asked.


Giving adequately after being asked.


Giving willingly, but insufficiently.


Giving in sadness giving because of the distressing feelings one gets seeing somebody in need.